Hello my name is Professor Andrew Young and today we’ll be discussing plagiarism in two lessons. The first lesson will focus on what is plagiarism while the second lesson will address how to avoid plagiarism but first what is plagiarism according to merriam-webster’s online dictionary plagiarism is the act of using another person’s words or ideas without giving credit to that person the key phrase in Webster’s definition is without giving credit giving credit is imperative so you may be thinking okay okay but why is it important to avoid plagiarism if I like those words and I agree with them can I just take them as my own it can’t be that big of a deal right but the short answer.
Plagiarism is a big deal before I explain the academic consequences of plagiarism let me give you a musical example that illustrates the seriousness of plagiarism take a listen to this song by Marvin Gaye titled got to give it up which was released in 1977 now listen to this song titled blur lines which was released in 2013 by Robin Thicke featuring Pharrell Williams and Ti everybody get up notice any similarities between the two songs Marvin Gaye’s family did in fact Robin Thicke was accused of plagiarism by the Marvin Gaye estate which provided significant evidence against the fix blurred lines and the Rolling Stone reported that thiking company had to pay out a whopping 7.3 million dollars to Marvin Gaye’s estate for plagiarism so what about plagiarism in academia you’ll probably not owe millions of dollars nor go to jail however plagiarism is still a very serious offense for instance Florida State College of Jacksonville’s policy states in the student rights and responsibilities under the heading procedures for handling alleged academic dishonesty academic dishonesty in any form is expressly prohibited by the rules of the District Board of Trustee the Florida State College at Jacksonville the consequences can include either failing the student for the assignment failing a student for the course or referring the student or students for possible suspension or dismissal so it is very serious indeed so how can we avoid those blurred lines of plagiarism and original thought first it is key to understand the assignment and its expectations for instance if professors and social sciences or nursing or business those professors often prefer called APA professors in the liberal arts humanities often prefer MLA there are other citation styles so you want to make sure you format your citations according to your audience if your professor doesn’t state specifically be sure to ask for this presentation.
I’ll be focusing on MLA which stands for Modern Language Association so what constitutes plagiarism some of the more obvious examples include buying an essay from a website like pay for essays net or fresh essays calm another example would be letting your mom or dad or boyfriend/girlfriend friend neighbor write the essay for you but if you do write the essay rather than trying to dishonestly farm it out you want to make sure that you aren’t committing these acts of plagiarism copying information word-for-word also known as verbatim directly from the source without giving credit that is egregious that’s equally as bad or and many students are unaware of this if you paraphrase which is putting the information in your own words from a book or website but you do not give credit to the book or website that is still plagiarism why you may be wondering it’s plagiarism because it’s not your ideas sure you may agree with those ideas but it’s important to give the writer credit for those ideas so how do you avoid plagiarizing a source in order to document a source in MLA format there are two essential ingredients the first is called a works cited page and each source will have what’s called a work cited entry that’s organized in alphabetical order and then there is a corresponding in text citation also called parenthetical citation within your essay.
These two parts work together like a cross-referencing system so when your professor reads your essay and encounters a citation within the essay he or she can go to the end of the essay read the work cited page which lists all of your sources in order to locate the source in short in order a document you need a complete citation in a work cited page and an in-text citation of the source within your pay both are required in order to provide full credit to the source in the next videos we’ll be discussing how to write a work cited page and how to effectively use in-text citations whether you’re using direct quotes paraphrases information or signal phrases also called an attribution and this is the end of the first lesson on plagiarism stay tuned for lesson number two.